The Santa Rosa Fire Department participates in the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS).
How it works...
The U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) and the National Fire Information Council (NFIC) jointly manage NFIRS. NFIC is a users' group comprised of volunteers who donate their time to maintain the existing research and implement changes to improve it. The members of the NFIC come from state agencies and metropolitan fire departments responsible for fire data collection and analysis. As federal budgets have been reduced, the role of the NFIC has expanded. Due to the extraordinary commitment of the members of this council to NFIRS, as well as the ongoing support of USFA, the system maintains its high level of performance.
As critical a role as the members of the NFIC play, the heart of the system is dispersed across the country, in the 14,000 fire departments that participate in NFIRS. After responding to an incident, fire department personnel fill out the appropriate NFIRS reports. These describe the nature of the call, the actions fire fighters took in response to the call, and the results. The latter include the number of any civilian or fire fighter injuries or deaths and an estimate of property loss. While specific forms filled out by a fire department may be state-specific, they contain a core of information common to every state's reporting system. The uniformity of definitions used in coding these fields makes aggregation of national data possible.
Local fire departments forward completed NFIRS forms, which are filled out either manually or via a computer, to the state agency responsible for NFIRS data. The state agency electronically submits data compiled from all participating jurisdictions to the U.S. Fire Administration. Annual NFIRS data are used as the basis for the U.S. Fire Administration publication Fire in the United States, which is the single most comprehensive reference on the nature and scope of the fire problem in the U.S.